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标 题: UCLA开放课程：中国的兴与衰 Fall and Rise of China
发信站: BBS 未名空间站 (Fri Jan 7 08:38:40 2011, 美东)
UCLA开放课程：中国的兴与衰 Fall and Rise of China
Course No. 8370 (48 lectures, 30 minutes/lecture)
Taught by Richard Baum
University of California, Los Angeles
Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley
http://www.fileserve.com/file/yYZSm8c/01- The Splendor That Was China, 600-1
http://www.fileserve.com/file/9Ntu5q4/02- Malthus and Manchu Hubris, 1730-18
http://www.fileserve.com/file/mUGJsFK/03- Barbarians at the Gate, 1800-1860.
http://www.fileserve.com/file/qT6kPtK/04- Rural Misery and Rebellion, 1842-1
http://www.fileserve.com/file/ayW8bsp/05- The Self-Strengthening Movement, 1
http://www.fileserve.com/file/sVuDTaZ/06- Hundred Days of Reform and the Box
http://www.fileserve.com/file/ztBTcV8/07- The End of Empire, 1900-1911.avi
http://www.fileserve.com/file/SqfVtbz/08- The Failed Republic, 1912-1919.avi
http://www.fileserve.com/file/g9h7dYN/09- The Birth of Chinese Communism, 19
http://www.fileserve.com/file/ADsNfdW/10- Chiang, Mao, and Civil War, 1926-1
http://www.fileserve.com/file/KQNPdVq/11- The Republican Experiment, 1927-19
http://www.fileserve.com/file/RXtnn8a/12- Resist Japan, 1937-1945.avi
http://www.fileserve.com/file/bpGFjps/13- Chiangs Last Stand, 1945-1949.avi
http://www.fileserve.com/file/FjWevF6/14- The Chinese People Have Stood Up.a
http://www.fileserve.com/file/W8wefEF/15- Korea, Taiwan, and the Cold War, 1
http://www.fileserve.com/file/7f7u5XE/16- Socialist Transformation, 1953-195
http://www.fileserve.com/file/PAR3qzp/17- Cracks in the Monolith, 1957-1958.
http://www.fileserve.com/file/vBxu2bm/18- The Great Leap Forward, 1958-1960.
http://www.fileserve.com/file/3CGJS4B/19- Demise of the Great Leap Forward,
http://www.fileserve.com/file/CHCN9Z5/20- Never Forget Class Struggle, 1962-
http://www.fileserve.com/file/VJUwpEA/21- Long Live Chairman Mao, 1964-1965.
http://www.fileserve.com/file/UH7HMEt/22- Maos Last Revolution Begins, 1965-
http://www.fileserve.com/file/jSTCH54/23- The Childrens Crusade, 1966-1967.a
http://www.fileserve.com/file/xGFcBQ7/24- The Storm Subsides, 1968-1969.avi
http://www.fileserve.com/file/nj7hrJm/25- The Sino-Soviet War of Nerves, 196
http://www.fileserve.com/file/cJtGS3v/26- Nixon, Kissinger, and China, 1969-
http://www.fileserve.com/file/uWwanDx/27- Maos Deterioration and Death, 1971
http://www.fileserve.com/file/8fEyZMK/28- The Legacy of Mao Zedong-An Apprai
http://www.fileserve.com/file/fCA3Pjh/29- The Post-Mao Interregnum, 1976-197
http://www.fileserve.com/file/UNFJngx/30- Hua Guofeng and the Four Moderniza
http://www.fileserve.com/file/KSQbxxP/31- Deng Takes Command, 1978-1979.avi
http://www.fileserve.com/file/tbQhzyB/32- The Historic Third Plenum, 1978.av
http://www.fileserve.com/file/mjTZxS9/33- The Normalization of U.S.-China
http://www.fileserve.com/file/gmejf2A/34- Deng Consolidates His Power, 1979-
http://www.fileserve.com/file/nkRdYJs/35- Socialist Democracy and the Rule o
http://www.fileserve.com/file/E3y3ZqD/36- Burying Mao, 1981-1983.avi
http://www.fileserve.com/file/AHMNdQq/37- To Get Rich Is Glorious, 1982-1986
http://www.fileserve.com/file/SgTX8gq/38- The Fault Lines of Reform, 1984-19
http://www.fileserve.com/file/fFH7Qx3/39- The Road to Tiananmen, 1987-1989.a
http://www.fileserve.com/file/Y6acQKN/40- The Empire Strikes Back, 1989.avi
http://www.fileserve.com/file/ucGgQE2/41- After the Deluge, 1989-1992.avi
http://www.fileserve.com/file/d4nWUZy/42- The Roaring Nineties, 1992-1999.av
http://www.fileserve.com/file/eZjrj6V/43- The Rise of Chinese Nationalism, 1
http://www.fileserve.com/file/kpPVMTj/44- Chinas Lost Territories-Taiwan, Ho
http://www.fileserve.com/file/ftZs38D/45- China in the New Millennium, 2000-
http://www.fileserve.com/file/ftHJtPD/46- Chinas Information Revolution.avi
http://www.fileserve.com/file/rRuu24y/47- One World, One Dream-The 2008 Olym
http://www.fileserve.com/file/h34sw5g/48- Chinas Rise-The Sleeping Giant Sti
China—the world's oldest continuous civilization—has undergone an astonish
ing transformation in a brief span of recent history. Since the collapse of
its once-glorious empire in 1911, China has seen decades of epic turmoil an
d upheavals, emerging in the new century as both an authoritarian megastate
and an economic powerhouse, poised to become an imposing global force.
By current estimates, the People's Republic is set to outpace the United Sta
tes economically in the coming decades and to rival or surpass it militarily
, making China the richest, most powerful nation on earth.
How did this happen? How can we account for China's momentous—and almost wh
olly unanticipated—global rise? And what does it mean, for us in the West a
nd for humanity's future?
Speaking to these vital and fascinating questions, The Fall and Rise of Chin
a, taught by China expert and Professor Richard Baum of the University of Ca
lifornia, Los Angeles, brings to vivid life the human struggles, the titanic
political upheavals, and the spectacular speed of China's modern rebirth. O
ffering multilevel insight into one of the most astounding real-life dramas
of modern history, The Fall and Rise of China weaves together the richly div
erse developments and sociopolitical currents that created the China we now
see in the headlines.
As we enter what some are already calling the "Chinese century," the role of
China is deeply fundamental to our reading of the direction of world civili
zation and history. In 48 penetrating lectures, The Fall and Rise of China t
akes you to the heart of the events behind China's new global presence, leav
ing you with a clear view of both the story itself and its critical implicat
ions for our world.
Redefining a Colossus
The timeliness of Professor Baum's revealing commentary would be hard to exa
China's impact on U.S. domestic issues, such as job outsourcing and energy a
cquisition, as well as a massive U.S. foreign debt to China and inevitable m
ilitary power sharing, bind America's future to the People's Republic in way
s that are becoming compellingly apparent.
As China's policies increasingly impact the world community in economic, mil
itary, and environmental terms, these lectures provide crucial understanding
of the most important new force in today's world.
The Fall and Rise of China also sheds a bright light on the history of the S
ocialist experiment and the present business environment of China, and deepe
ns your understanding of world civilization through an in-depth look at a cu
lture profoundly different from your own.
A Story to Challenge the Imagination
In Professor Baum's words, China's modern history unfolds as a story of awe-
inspiring dimensions—a chronicle of the largest revolution in the history o
f the world, of monumental excesses and abuses of power, of unimaginable har
dship for millions, of the effort to reinvent a vast and unwieldy socioecono
mic system, and of the often deadly clash between ideology and human realiti
The course gives you a detailed understanding of all the core events in Chin
a's century of stunning change, including these major happenings:
* Collapse of the Qing dynasty: You study the interlacing social, political,
and economic factors that led to the fall of China's 2,000-year empire and
the implacable call for new political paradigms.
* The Republican era and civil wars: In the wake of the defunct empire, you
witness the drama of the short-lived Chinese Republic, followed by political
chaos and the long strategic battle between Republican forces and the seemi
ngly unstoppable Communist Party.
* The "Great Leap Forward": In a landmark episode of the Mao era, the regime
's grand-scale projects to communize agriculture and galvanize industry saw
bureaucratic mismanagement leading to tragedy for tens of millions of Chines
* The Cultural Revolution: During this bitter era of the 1960s, festering te
nsions between the Maoist regime and its critics erupted in a brutal campaig
n of terror and repression against perceived enemies of Socialism.
* China's post-Mao economic "miracle": In the later lectures you track the s
pecific reforms and ideological shifts that opened China to global economic
engagement and forged its new role as a free-market dynamo.
As your guide to these history-shaping events, Professor Baum takes you far
beyond the realm of academic theorizing.
Describing his subject as an "adventure story," he reveals a 40-year persona
l interface with China, more than 30 visits to the People's Republic, and an
intimate witnessing of the struggles, crises, and victories of the Chinese
A storyteller of extraordinary flair, he takes you onto the Beijing streets,
into Shanghai industrial plants, and into the thick of highly charged prote
sts and his own vivid encounters with numerous Chinese, recounting key eleme
nts of the story as he saw them unfold.
The Human Face of Change
China's remaking is peopled by some of the 20th century's most colorful and
impactful human beings. Your investigation of key figures in the story inclu
des these fascinating personalities:
* Cixi, the Empress Dowager: A former concubine and an iron-willed manipulat
or, she rose to command the Manchu Empire in its death throes, speeding its
disintegration through her own calculated opposition to reform.
* Dr. Sun Yat-sen: A uniquely pivotal revolutionary figure, Sun played key r
oles in the overthrow of the Qing dynasty, the creation of the Chinese Repub
lic, and the founding of the Chinese Nationalist Party, the Guomindang, stil
l a force on Taiwan.
* Chiang K'ai-shek: Dynamic but ultimately inept military leader of the Repu
blican forces, he waged a long, unsuccessful battle against the Communists,
finally leading his defeated forces to found a regime in exile—the Republic
of China on Taiwan.
* Mao Zedong: China's larger-than-life revolutionary icon. Enigmatic, brilli
ant, and ruthless, he led the Communist forces through the long civil wars a
nd presided as a near dictator over the new Socialist state through a quarte
r-century of trials and tragedies.
* Deng Xiaoping: Mao's ultimate successor and a master strategist, he initia
ted, then fought mightily to preserve the reforms that propelled China to th
e forefront of global economic power.
Throughout the lectures, Professor Baum reveals highly unusual details that
enrich the cinematic sweep of the story. You learn about the Christian warlo
rd who baptized his troops with a fire hose, the strange kidnapping of Chian
g K'ai-shek, the politically explosive forgery carried out by Mao's wife, an
d Professor Baum's own smuggling of top-secret documents out of Taiwan.
The Genesis of Chaos and Revolution
As a core strength of the lectures, Professor Baum makes sense of the dramat
ic events of the story by getting deeply at what underlay them, culturally,
socially, and historically—leaving you with a nuanced knowledge of the forc
es moving China's modern emergence.
In the spiraling descent of the Qing dynasty you trace the imperial culture
of complacent superiority and indifference to global events that undermined
the empire's hold on power.
Following the empire's demise, you probe the competing ideologies that fed t
wo revolutionary movements, and you study Mao's tactics of "people's war" an
d civil-military relations that gained vast support for the Communist cause.
In the course's central focus, you study the making of Communist China under
Mao and its dramatic turn toward free-market economics.
You witness the consolidation of power by the Maoist regime in the long camp
aign to suppress counterrevolutionaries and the programs of "thought reform,
" in which independent thinkers were compelled to write lengthy public "conf
You study the far-reaching challenges of the transition to Socialism, includ
ing the "free rider" problem, where lack of work incentives in collective fa
rming stunted economic growth and bred widespread alienation.
You chart Mao's utopian drive to achieve "pure" Communism in the Great Leap
Forward, and the ways in which this mandate blinded the regime to the desper
ate realities faced by China's rural masses.
And you see how obliquely expressed currents of dissent and the regime's per
ception of "revisionist" thinking led to the disasters of the Cultural Revol
You also dig deeply into the history of Mao's strained relations with the So
viets, and the cold war moves and countermoves underlying his historic meeti
ng with Nixon and the "normalizing" of relations with the United States.
A Nation Transfigured
In the course's gripping final section, you observe the profound economic sh
ifts of recent decades that produced China's phenomenal rise.
Here you come to grips with exactly how they did it, including the strategic
introduction of new incentive structures in industry and agriculture; multi
front economic competition; and "Special Economic Zones," sparking export tr
ade and huge foreign investment.
You explore this era's many critical reversals, such as the cultural "buryin
g" of Chairman Mao, the airing of long-suppressed wounds from the Cultural R
evolution, the ideological embrace of free-market economics, and the new cul
ture of individual enrichment.
You also reflect on the contrast between the regime's path-breaking economic
changes and its stern political inflexibility, a tension you witness in the
tragic events at Tiananmen Square.
Finally, you contemplate China's current trajectory as it follows the journe
y of the Chinese to a new national identity, seemingly returning their natio
n to a global supremacy it held for much of the last 2,000 years.Bringing al
ive the passionate reinvention of China with deep discernment and humanity,
Professor Baum portrays the confounding, majestic, heart-rending, and vision
ary story of a modern giant.
Take this opportunity, in The Fall and Rise of China, to know and comprehend
a world-changing development of our times and to understand our civilizatio
n as a new and vibrant force shapes it.
About Your Professor
Dr. Richard Baum is Distinguished Professor of Political Science at the Univ
ersity of California, Los Angeles, where he specializes in the study of mode
rn Chinese politics and foreign relations. He earned an M.A. and a Ph.D. in
Political Science from the University of California, Berkeley.
Professor Baum has lived and lectured extensively throughout China and Asia.
He has served as Visiting Professor or Visiting Scholar at institutions inc
luding Peking University, Meiji Gakuin University (Japan), The Chinese Unive
rsity of Hong Kong, Princeton University, and Arizona State University, wher
e he was honored as Distinguished Visiting Scholar for 2008.
He is the author/editor of nine books, including Prelude to Revolution: Mao,
the Party, and the Peasant Question, 1962–1966; and a personal memoir, Chi
na Watcher: Confessions of a Peking Tom.
Professor Baum has served on the boards of the National Committee on United
States-China Relations and the Joint Committee on Contemporary China of the
Social Science Research Council. He has been a consultant to numerous public
and private agencies, including the White House, the United Nations, and th
e RAND Corporation. He is also a frequent commentator on Chinese and East As
ian affairs for the BBC World Service, CNN International, and National Publi
Course Lecture Titles
01. The Splendor That Was China, 600–1700
02. Malthus and Manchu Hubris, 1730–1800
03. Barbarians at the Gate, 1800–1860
04. Rural Misery and Rebellion, 1842–1860
05. The Self-Strengthening Movement, 1860–1890
06. Hundred Days of Reform and the Boxer Uprising
07. The End of Empire, 1900–1911
08. The Failed Republic, 1912–1919
09. The Birth of Chinese Communism, 1917–1925
10. Chiang, Mao, and Civil War, 1926–1934
11. The Republican Experiment, 1927–1937
12. "Resist Japan!" 1937–1945
13. Chiang's Last Stand, 1945–1949
14. "The Chinese People Have Stood Up!"
15. Korea, Taiwan, and the Cold War, 1950–1954
16. Socialist Transformation, 1953–1957
17. Cracks in the Monolith, 1957–1958
18. The Great Leap Forward, 1958–1960
19. Demise of the Great Leap Forward, 1959–1962
20. "Never Forget Class Struggle!" 1962–1965
21. "Long Live Chairman Mao!" 1964–1965
22. Mao's Last Revolution Begins, 1965–1966
23. The Children's Crusade, 1966–1967
24. The Storm Subsides, 1968–1969
25. The Sino-Soviet War of Nerves, 1964–1969
26. Nixon, Kissinger, and China, 1969–1972
27. Mao's Deterioration and Death, 1971–1976
28. The Legacy of Mao Zedong—An Appraisal
29. The Post-Mao Interregnum, 1976–1977
30. Hua Guofeng and the Four Modernizations
31. Deng Takes Command, 1978–1979
32. The Historic Third Plenum, 1978
33. The "Normalization" of U.S.-China Relations
34. Deng Consolidates His Power, 1979–1980
35. Socialist Democracy and the Rule of Law
36. Burying Mao, 1981–1983
37. "To Get Rich Is Glorious," 1982–1986
38. The Fault Lines of Reform, 1984–1987
39. The Road to Tiananmen, 1987–1989
40. The Empire Strikes Back, 1989
41. After the Deluge, 1989–1992
42. The "Roaring Nineties," 1992–1999
43. The Rise of Chinese Nationalism, 1993–2001
44. China's Lost Territories—Taiwan, Hong Kong
45. China in the New Millennium, 2000–2008
46. China's Information Revolution
47. "One World, One Dream"—The 2008 Olympics
48. China's Rise—The Sleeping Giant Stirs