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Fishing版 - Line Twist--Take Control of Line Twist and Wind Knots
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话题: line话题: spool话题: reel话题: twist话题: wind
1 (共1页)
W*******s
发帖数: 18705
1
Line Twist--Take Control of Line Twist and Wind Knots
Written by Reefman--The Internet Angler!
LINE TWIST and WIND KNOTS
Using Spinning Reels with Braid.
Spinning reel = Fixed Spool reel = coffee grinder
Wind knots have nothing to do with the stuff that blows air around, nor is
it associated with flatulence... !
They are associated primarily with how the line is wound onto the spool...
hence a wind knot - winding the line.
The Braid Clump Frustration
Many an angling session has been ruined when an angler becomes plagued with
'Wind knots'. The clump of braid that becomes jammed around one of the rod
guides during a cast is the source of much frustration. Once the angler has
spent considerable time unpicking the knotted tangle, tempers quickly flare
when, on the very next cast, the same thing happens. Unfortunately the
problem is not going to just disappear. The root cause needs to be found and
treated.
Line twist is the cause of all so called "wind knots" or line tangles when
using a Spinning reel loaded with braid. Due to the fact that braid has
little or no memory, whatever you do to the line, it will tend to stay that
way. Unlike nylon - where if you twist nylon, it's memory will cause it to
spring back to it's original shape. Not so with braid... twist it, and it
will stay twisted, until you physically untwist it.
Casting a Spinning reel (or Coffee Grinder) is easy the first few throws! No
overwinds to contend with like a multiplier reel! But continue casting with
a Spinning reel and winding the line on for an hour or so, and pretty soon
the braid is going to jump off the spool like it has a mind of it's own, and
during a cast, either:
* knot itself round a rod guide,
* knot itself round a rod guide, snap off in mid air along with your
expensive lure, or
* knot itself round a rod guide, snap off in mid air along with your
expensive lure, and take a guide clean off your rod with it!
So what is line twist?
To really understand what Line Twist is, we need to have a better
understanding of how a Spinning reel works.
图-1
How spinning reels work.
The spool of a Spinning reel is fixed - it does not move. The Rotor of the
reel attaches to the Bail mechanism, which catches the line through the line
roller and lays it down onto the fixed spool by rotating around the spool,
at the same time moving up and down in order to spread the line evenly.
Line twist is caused by the very nature of Spinning reels.
The line coming straight down the rod onto the reel, is then bent at 90
degrees, and laid down in a rotating pattern onto the spool. This causes an
unavoidable twist tension on the line. Some of the better, more expensive
reels like the Shimano Stella range and the Daiwa Saltiga's, have built in
systems to try minimize this line twist... "Twistbuster" from Daiwa and "
Aero wrap" from Shimano are marvellous inventions that help reduce Line
twist. However, it is mechanically impossible to rotate line through 90 deg,
without twisting it to some degree. So every Spinning reel's rotational
bail arm mechanism causes a certain amount of line twist - it is impossible
to stop it completely.
图-2
So most reels will automatically cause a little Line twist. But over time,
this line twist gets worse on every retrieve until the dreaded Wind knot
occurs. It is important to recognize the causes of this excessive line twist
before it causes a catastrophe!
Visual inspection of a spool from time to time will tell a story...
Twisted line, loose wraps and uneven laying of the line are sure signs of a
disaster waiting to happen!
图-3
By pulling some line off the spool and allowing it to lie slack, will also
give important pointers of how twisted the line already is...
图-4
What causes Line twist?
* The first cause is incorrectly spooled line.
By spooling a reel using the manufacturers recommended methods, one can
decrease the amount of Line twist associated with winding line onto the
spool.
Most manufacturers recommend that the new spool of line is attached to the
reel and then the line is simply reeled on while the spool of line rotates.
But by using this method, line twist still occurs by approximately 1 twist
of line per turn of the handle. This is negligible to start with, but this
is where the rot starts, and these twists will quickly build up and increase
with time.
The best way to spool new braid onto a Spinning reel to minimize any Line
twist is to do the following:
o Thread the new braid through the tip eye and down towards the reel.
o Attach the line to the reel with a Fig 8 knot and tape the first loop of
braid down onto the spool with sellotape to stop it from ever slipping. (I
find it completely unnecessary to use a length of mono under the braid
topshot - the sellotape does the trick and cuts out 2 more unnecessary joins
... mono to braid.)
o Lay the new line spool down on the ground flat and horizontal with the
label up.
o Fix it to the ground with a large nail and a washer, so that it can't
rotate.
o Keeping tension on the line with left thumb and forefinger (use a glove if
necessary), wind the new line onto the reel, keeping the tension reasonably
tight.
图-5
What this now accomplishes:
Most reels - the bail arm turns clockwise (looking from the front of the
reel). Therefore the line is laid down in a clockwise pattern. To stop the
line twisting anywhere, it must come off the new line spool in exactly the
same pattern - and that is anti-clockwise of you're looking at the label of
the new line spool. (or anti-clockwise if you're looking at it in the same
plane as if you were looking at the reel).
The line is now laid onto the reel in exactly the same way that it comes off
the new line spool, passively - with minimum rotation and line twist.
Other causes of Line twist and Wind knots
The next most common cause of Wind knots is an overfilled reel. The spool of
a spinning reel has a lip on the front end, over which the line must run
smoothly. Too much line on the spool causes loose loops of line to slip off
the spool - these catch the line that is coming off the spool from the cast,
and causes tangles.
The spool should be filled to 2-3mm BELOW the lip.
图-6
Equipment Quality
The quality of the reel plays a large part in preventing these tangles in
braid.
Newer, better quality reels have a few features that are designed to
minimize the problem.
* The spool is slightly tapered towards the front, causing a cone angle that
allows line to flow freely off the spool when casting.
* Many of the better reels now come with additional washers than can be
added underneath the spool, to the spool drive shaft - these can vary the
angle of laying down line on the spool. A cone taper is optimal.
图-7
* A long distance spool with a Tapered cone, showing correct line lay and
the criss cross wrap of the Shimano Aero Wrap system.
图-8
* The lip of the spool also has a taper on it, so that the line can run
smoothly off the spool without being hindered by the lip.
图-9
* Most of the good reels have the Auto-bail reset function removed from it.
The auto bail reset function is the mechanism that causes the reel's bail
arm to engage or click back over once the reel handle is turned.
What happens with this mechanism, is that once a cast is made, there is a
certain amount of slack line that develops once the lure hits the water. If
the handle is now turned, the bail arm snaps over closed, and the loose loop
of line is now wound onto the reel diagonally across the spool.
On the next cast, this loose loop of line causes a snag and a tangle will
result.
It is advisable to have this function removed from your reel to stop this
from happening.
Get into the habit of manually clicking over the bail arm as your lure hits
the water. This ensures that the line is always kept under tension and that
no loose loops are made on the reel - these loose loops are a disaster
waiting to happen!.
图-10
In some of the cheaper reels, the force of the cast will cause the reel
handle to move slightly forward, causing the bail arm to snap closed in mid-
cast... when this happens you can say good bye to your lure, your leader and
a portion of your expensive braid! This is called a snap off.
Slack line is a major cause of wind knots
Slack line occurs very often when an erratic retrieval motion is used, as in
popping or in dropshotting, when a flick retrieve is used. Keep a steady
eye on the line being laid onto the spool when fishing. Any diagonal pieces
of line being laid down are a recipe for disaster.
The line coming off underneath this diagonal loop will cause it to be pulled
off the reel out of sequence, and a tangle will result.
Thickness of braid on the Line roller
Some braids are thin enough to snag in the grooves of the line roller. This
happens in cheaper reels without a Roller bearing, and most often when
popping, when slack line is caused just after the pop.
This slack line can get snagged. If this happens, the cone angle of the line
being laid down on the reel will be altered.
The line will most often not be laid all the way to the top (under the lip)
and will overlay too much on the bottom of the spool, leaving a bulge of
line at the bottom of the spool - this overlaying will result in line
slipping off the curve created and a tangle will result on the next cast.
After every cast and retrieve, visually inspect the spool for line piling up
in the wrong place, for diagonal loops and that the line is laying properly
in the trough of the Line roller.
Swivels
Some anglers swear by swivels, maintaining that it helps prevent line twist
- the swivel twists rather than the line.
This is all good and well, however one needs to be very careful with the
quality of the swivel and the size.
The lighter line braids will not put enough torque onto an oversized swivel
and therefore it will not turn.
Rule of thumb is that the swivel wire should be a similar thickness to your
braid diameter... ie: small!
Because the swivels that will work properly with light braid are therefore
very small, they need to be high quality to prevent breakage under strain.
Barrel swivels in this instance are not good enough. One needs to invest in
good quality power swivels.
Fish taking line on drag
The quickest way to mess your entire spool up with Line twist is to turn the
handle while the reel is going backwards in reverse. ie: if a fish is
taking line, DO NOT reel while the spool is moving. Each wind of the handle
will put on average 5 twists into the line!
Lures
Not all lures swim the way they are supposed to. Some, like spoons, will
turn round and round in the water causing Line twist. This is where a decent
swivel will help to minimize the problem.
I am told that trolling a lure at the incorrect speed will cause the same
problem in an offshore setting.
It is always a good idea to inspect the action of a lure at different speeds
of retrieve to see how the speed affects the action.
Removing line twist
On a boat, this is easy... just lay the line out behind the boat (without
any lure or weight attached) and let it unwrap itself as the boat moves
forward.
In a Rock and Surf situation, it becomes more difficult.
You need to lay the line out into water, while walking along the beach,
dragging it along as if it were being trolled. Keep laying the line out
until the line twist is removed.
Make sure that on retrieval, that the line line is reeled back under a
little tension between your thumb and forefinger.
Another method that is fairly successful -
Tie a swivel to a tree and then attach the line, walk backwards letting line
off the reel.
Every 5 metres or so, take hold of the line and let it form a loop below the
reel with no tension. If there is twist keep walking back (with a bit of
tension on the line, so that the swivel will unspin the line twist) until
the line does not form a twist when tested.
Then using a cloth, pinch the line between your thumb and forefinger, and
wind it back on the reel, keeping the line under tension as you move forward
. This method works best if you use a good quality ball-bearing swivel.
W*******s
发帖数: 18705
2
p****u
发帖数: 22764
3
Thanks for sharing
http://www.ultimateangling.co.za/index.php?topic=3596.0

【在 W*******s 的大作中提到】
: Line Twist--Take Control of Line Twist and Wind Knots
: Written by Reefman--The Internet Angler!
: LINE TWIST and WIND KNOTS
: Using Spinning Reels with Braid.
: Spinning reel = Fixed Spool reel = coffee grinder
: Wind knots have nothing to do with the stuff that blows air around, nor is
: it associated with flatulence... !
: They are associated primarily with how the line is wound onto the spool...
: hence a wind knot - winding the line.
: The Braid Clump Frustration

c*******s
发帖数: 5839
4
学习
S****e
发帖数: 568
5
学习,图中是右手reel in, 如果是左手reel in也是label向上吗?
m**o
发帖数: 9137
6
好东西,谢谢。
1 (共1页)
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相关话题的讨论汇总
话题: line话题: spool话题: reel话题: twist话题: wind