People of Asian descent in America don't have as large a role in minority
discussions in America primarily because, as a general group, they (1) are
newer to the continent, (2) are a small minority, and (3) often perform as
well or better than other groups.
(1) Asian American history certainly dates far back, but not quite as far as
other groups like Native Americans or African Americans. A large amount of
Chinese and other Asian people were brought as workers to America during the
industrial revolution, but were not 'forced' as were other groups (this is
ignoring much of the abuse that occurred to many people, but it is the
popular perception). Additionally, emigration from Asian countries has been
fairly continuous through time, with a brief halt around WWI/II, meaning
that many Asian groups don't have as much of a historical stake in America
to claim discrimination.
(2) Asians constitute a small but growing demographic in the U.S. at about 5
% of the population. Other ethnicities are larger: Black (12.5%), Hispanic (
16.5%). LGBT is hard to gauge, but may grow to exceed any of these groups in
size in the near future. The relative sizes mean that, ironically, the
smaller minority of Asian Americans are a minority among minorities and thus
have less of a voice.
(3) Relative to other groups, Asian Americans perform relatively well in
many categories. Here are some stats:
Asian Caucasian African Hispanic
Income $26k $25k $20k N/A
SAT Math 595 536 428 463
So, as a group, Asian Americans do fairly well. Minority status is supposed
to help people who have historically been at a disadvantage, so Asian
American groups do not fit this definition and are not considered to need
Much controversy comes from the fact that advantages and disadvantages do
not completely line up with race in today's society, and the fact that there
are better ways of predicting who needs help, like socio-economic factors.
Many, including myself, would argue that the socially responsible thing to
do now would be to eliminate race and gender from the decision process for
aid and use better predictors. However, there are still racist and sexist
attitudes in this country which do affect decisions on college applications
and jobs, so there is some argument that these categories are useful. In any
situation, it is clear that much aid would still go to people from minority
groups like Hispanic and African Americans, as many people from these
groups would benefit from it, although so would some Asian Americans and
other people not from traditional minorities.
In summary, Asian Americans as a group do not qualify for minority aid
because, as a group, they do well.
4历史上，hispanic受过什么歧视？no chinaman's chance还是日裔怀俄明集中营？