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USANews版 - 疤蟆care现在已经造成企业不愿意雇用全职员工
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话题: workers话题: health话题: said话题: time话题: hours
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l****z
发帖数: 29846
1
By JULIE JARGON, LOUISE RADNOFSKY and ALEXANDRA BERZON
Some low-wage employers are moving toward hiring part-time workers instead
of full-time ones to mitigate the health-care overhaul's requirement that
large companies provide health insurance for full-time workers or pay a fee.
Several restaurants, hotels and retailers have started or are preparing to
limit schedules of hourly workers to below 30 hours a week. That is the
threshold at which large employers in 2014 would have to offer workers a
minimum level of insurance or pay a penalty starting at $2,000 for each
worker.
The shift is one of the first significant steps by employers to avoid
requirements under the health-care law, and whether the trend continues
hinges on Tuesday's election results. Republican presidential nominee Mitt
Romney has pledged to overturn the Affordable Care Act, although he would
face obstacles doing so.
President Barack Obama is set to push ahead with implementing the 2010 law
if he is re-elected.
Pillar Hotels & Resorts this summer began to focus more on hiring part-time
workers among its 5,500 employees, after the Supreme Court upheld the health
-care overhaul, said Chief Executive Chris Russell. The company has 210
franchise hotels, under the Sheraton, Fairfield Inns, Hampton Inns and
Holiday Inns brands.
"The tendency is to say, 'Let me fill this position with a 40-hour-a-week
employee.' "Mr. Russell said. "I think we have to think differently."
Pillar offers health insurance to employees who work 32 hours a week or more
, but only half take it, and Mr. Russell wants to limit his exposure to
rising health-care costs. He said he planned to pursue new segments of the
population, such as senior citizens, to find workers willing to accept part-
time employment.
He described the shift as a "cultural change" toward hiring more part-timers
and not a prohibition against hiring full-timers.
CKE Restaurants Inc., parent of the Carl's Jr. and Hardee's burger chains,
began two months ago to hire part-time workers to replace full-time
employees who left, said Andy Puzder, CEO of the Carpinteria, Calif.,
company. CKE, which is owned by private-equity firm Apollo Management LP,
APO -0.87% offers limited-benefit plans to all restaurant employees, but the
federal government won't allow those policies to be sold starting in 2014
because of low caps on payouts. Mr. Puzder said he has advised Mr. Romney's
campaign on economic issues in an unpaid capacity.
Home retailer Anna's Linens Inc. is considering cutting hours for some full-
time employees to avoid the insurance mandate if the health-care law isn't
repealed, said CEO Alan Gladstone.
Mr. Gladstone said the costs of providing coverage to all 1,100 sales
associates who work at least 30 hours a week would be prohibitive, although
he was weighing alternative options, such as raising prices.
The Costa Mesa, Calif., company currently offers benefits to workers who put
in at least 32 hours a week.
Supporters of the health-care overhaul said most large employers already
covered workers voluntarily, and requiring others to do so or pay a penalty
was important to level the playing field between businesses.
A spokeswoman for the Department of Health and Human Services said the
administration didn't believe the law would substantially affect employment,
citing the Massachusetts health-care overhaul signed by then-Gov. Romney in
2006.
"Consistent with the experience in Massachusetts and projections of the
Congressional Budget Office, the health-care law will improve the
affordability of health care while not significantly impacting the labor
market," spokeswoman Erin Shields Britt said in a written statement. "This
law will decrease costs, strengthen our businesses and make it easier for
employers to provide coverage to their workers." Administration officials
declined to answer further questions.
Companies in industries that already offer full benefits have indicated that
they weren't planning major changes around the law. Several employers with
hourly workforces, including Marriott International Inc. MAR -0.16% hotels,
the Costco Wholesale Corp. COST +1.65% warehouse chain and the Panera Bread
Co. PNRA +0.56% restaurant chain also said they had no plans to change
employee hours in response to the law.
But benefits consultants said most retail and hotel clients have explored
shifting toward part-time workers.
Those industries are less likely to offer health coverage now, and if they
do, the plans typically are too skimpy to meet the minimum-coverage
requirements.
"They've all considered it," Matthew Stevenson, a workforce-strategy
principal at Mercer. In a July survey, 32% of retail and hospitality company
respondents told the consulting firm that they were likely to reduce the
number of employees working 30 hours a week or more.
Consultants have warned that companies that use more part-time labor risk
productivity losses from high staff turnover and lower morale. Laurence
Geller, who until last week was CEO of Strategic Hotels & Resorts Inc., BEE
+12.93% said he weighed moving toward part-time workers but decided against
risking that highly trained staff at his high-end hotels would go elsewhere.
The company owns hotels bearing the Four Seasons, Fairmont and Ritz-Carlton
names.
The insurance mandate applies to companies with the equivalent of 50 or more
full-time workers, a calculation based on the number of people employed by
the company and an average of hours they work in a week. Companies are
adjusting schedules now because they will have to review employment rolls
for up to a year in advance to determine which workers will be deemed full-
time under the law.
A company will have to pay a penalty of $2,000 for every such worker, after
the first 30, if it doesn't offer qualifying health coverage. If a company
offers health insurance but the coverage is deemed sparse or unaffordable,
the company must pay $3,000 for every worker who gets a federal tax subsidy
to purchase coverage as an individual.
Darden Restaurants Inc. DRI +0.70% was among the first companies to say it
was changing hiring in response to the health-care law. The Orlando, Fla.,
parent of Red Lobster and Olive Garden in February began testing hiring part
-time workers in four markets to replace some full-time employees who had
left, a spokesman said.
Ken Adams said his 10 Subway restaurant franchises in Michigan have about 60
employees who work 30 hours or more in a given week. Before year-end he
plans to cut their hours to below 30 and, in some cases, to reduce positions
altogether, he said. A Subway corporate spokesman said it was up to
individual franchisees to make such decisions.
—Dana Mattioli, Janet Adamy and Shelly Banjo contributed to this article.
g******y
发帖数: 1101
2
我想把问题搞简单点,你能确认把奥巴马搞下去,医疗费用会下降?
1 (共1页)
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